The Exodus – Wyatt Archaeological Research

Wyatt believed Joseph was Imhotep but placed Moses in the 18th dynasty because the chariot wheels he found at the bottom of the Red Sea were thought to date from the 18th dynasty.

There is no evidence for a massive exodus of slaves in the 18th dynasty.

There is a lot of evidence to suggest that the Israelites were enslaved during the 12th dynasty.  Moses was born during the co-regency of Sesostris III and Amenemhet III in 1526BC.  Moses fled from Amenemhet III at the age of 40 after showing his loyalty to the Hebrews.    Moses remained in Exile in Midian for 40 yrs.  When he was 80 years old, Moses returned to confront a different pharaoh (Neferhotep I of the 13th dynasty).  He lead the Israelites out of Egypt in the 13th dynasty in 1446BC.  Pilars were left by Solomon to mark the site of the Red Sea crossing which occurred 480 years before Solomon began building the temple.

Wyatt found these pillars in 1978 and went on to find chariot wheels in the Red  Sea at this point.  Unfortunately, experts insisted that the chariot wheels could not have been from the 12th dynasty and sent Wyatt on a wild goose chase looking for evidence of the Israelites in the 18th dynasty.  There is, however, no evidence for the Israelite slaves and a mass exodus in the 18th dynasty.

The Hyksos exodus at the end of the second intermediate period was not the Israelite Exodus either.  The Hyksos were rulers of Egypt.  The  Hyksos were foreigners to Egypt who were able invade and rule over Lower Egypt after Egypt had been devastated by the Israelite Exodus in the 13th dynasty when Neferhotep was the Pharaoh.  The Hyksos ruled Egypt for some 400yrs (Egypt’s second intermediate period).  Eventually, the family of Ahmoses based in Thebes (Upper Egypt in the 17th dynasty) contemporary with the Hyksos 15-16th dynasties in Lower Egypt, lead a rebellion against the Hyksos and successfully chased the Hyksos out of Egypt.  The Hyksos (Amelekites) headed towards Israel where they had encounters with King Saul and David.  The prophet Samuel instructed Saul to wipe them out but Saul spared their king Agag (Apopi II) and brought him to Samuel.  Samuel put Agag to death.  David had a few encounters with the Hyksos (Amalekites) too.  The Amelekites plundered David’s camp and abducted his wives and children.  David managed to catch up with them and wipe them out and get his family back.  Ironically, it was an Amelakite who slew King Saul after he had been fatally wounded.

In summary, Wyatt seems to have been right about Imhotep being Joseph and did discover the route of the Exodus, the site of the Red Sea crossing and the true or biblical Mt Sinai in Arabia.  Unfortunately, the Chariot wheels that he found at the bottom of the Red Sea were erroneously dated to the 18th dynasty which lead him on a wild goose chase looking for Moses in the 18th dynasty.  He, nevertheless, made some critical discoveries which have helped to reconstruct  history and reconcile it with the Bible.

The Birth and Identity of Moses in the 12th Dynasty

Moses was born in the 12th dynasty of Egypt. The Israelites were forced to make mud bricks by the pharaohs of this dynasty. Pyramids of the 12th dynasty had an inner core made of mudbricks with a limestone veneer. As limestone was becoming scarce, the Pharaohs were forced to use mudbricks to construct the core of the pyramids of the 12th dynasty and limestone was used only for the outer surface. A large labour force was required to make mud bricks. The Jews had grown to number over 2 million by the 12th dynasty. They were housed in Kahun – a semetic workers village close to Lahun, Dashur and Hawara where the 12th dynasty mud brick pyramids can be found. Petri excavated Kahun in 1889 and found evidence that it was occupied from the early 12th dynasty to the 13th dynasty by foreign Semetic slaves. Scarabs with the names of pharaohs that were found in the town indicate that it was built during the time of Sesostris II and occupied up until the 13th dynasty. Amenemhet III, the son of Sesostris III is most likely the Pharaoh who ordered that the Hebrew children be killed at birth by the midwives. Sobeknefru, his daughter appears to have adopted Moses after finding him amongst the reeds of the Nile in a basket. Moses would have become the next Pharaoh (Amenemhet IV). Moses may have even co-reigned with Amenemhet III for 9 years before he had to flee to Midian after killing an Egptian. Sobekneferu became the Pharaoh when Amenemhet died. Sobeknefru reigned almost 4 yrs before she died and so ended the 12th dynasty. A number of pharaohs followed in quick succession until Neferhotep in the 13th dynasty. Neferhotep was the Pharaoh who Moses confronted when he returned to Egypt 40 yrs after fleeing to Midian. Moses then lead the Israelites (numbering around 2 million) out of Egypt, thru the Red Sea into Arabia where they received the Law at Mt Sinai (Jabel Laws).

http://www.examiner.com/creationism-in-national/birth-and-identity-of-moses