Egypt’s chariots were all destroyed at the time of the Exodus.
Only Chariots produced after the Exodus would be found by archaeologists.
No discoveries horse drawn chariots have been found prior to the 15th dynasty. This would tend to suggest that the Exodus took place before the 15th dynasty. One would not expect to find chariots of dynasties prior to the Exodus because they were all destroyed at the time of the Exodus.
Wyatt found chariot wheels covered with coral strewn across the bottom of the Red Sea. There was a well preserved golden 4 spoked chariot wheel. He also found six and eight spoked chariot wheels covered with coral from one side of the Red Sea to the other in the Gulf of Aqaba where there is a large beach and a natural land bridge at the opening of the Wadi Wadir, just a little bit north of Jabel Lawz on the opposite side. Wyatt also found a pair of columns which appeared to have been left by Solomon to mark the site of the Red Sea crossing at this point.
Unfortunately, as no examples of 12th dynasty chariots have been found, the chariot wheels found by Wyatt were dated to the 18th dynasty. This has lead many an archaeologist to go looking for the Exodus in the 18th dynasty. There is no evidence for a mass Exodus in the 18th dynasty. There was an exodus at the end of the second intermediate period but this is when the Hyksos kings were evicted from Egypt and is clearly not the Israelite exodus.
The Bible states that the exodus pharaoh pursued the Israelites with all of Egypt’s chariots and that these were lost in the Red Sea. One would, therefore, not expect to find a chariot that predated the exodus. If a chariot has been found, other than in the Red Sea, then it must have been produced after the Exodus.
While the Hyksos (15th dynasty) did use chariots to invade and occupy lower Egypt, they were only able to do this because the Egyptian army had been decimated by the Exodus and all of it’s chariots were at the bottom of the Red Sea.
Many historians and archaeologists believe that the horse drawn chariot was introduced to Egypt by the Hyksos because there are no findings of 12th and 13th dynasty chariots. If all of Egypt’s chariots were lost at the time of the exodus, the finding of 15th dynasty chariots should suggest that the Exodus occurred prior to the 15th dynasty, namely the 13th dynasty. It also follows that the chariot wheels found in the Red Sea by Wyatt were from the 12th and 13th dynasties.
The Hyksos were credited with having introduced the chariot to Egypt only because no 12th and 13th dynasty chariots have been found. The fact that Hyksos chariots are the earliest surviving chariots to have been found means that the exodus took place immediately before the Hyksos entered Egypt. This would further support a 13th dynasty Exodus.
Also supporting a 13th dynasty exodus is the prolific use of mudbricks in the 12th dynasty and the finding of a slave village at Kahun that was rapidly evacuated in the 13th dynasty when Neferhotep I was ruling (as evidenced by scarabs found by Petrie). Amenemhet III has the credentials to be the pharaoh of Moses birth and the pharaoh that Moses fled from. Sobeknefru has the credentials to be Moses foster mother and Amenemhet IV has the credentials to be Moses himself!
Moses was born in the 12th dynasty of Egypt. The Israelites were forced to make mud bricks by the pharaohs of this dynasty. Pyramids of the 12th dynasty had an inner core made of mudbricks with a limestone veneer. As limestone was becoming scarce, the Pharaohs were forced to use mudbricks to construct the core of the pyramids of the 12th dynasty and limestone was used only for the outer surface. A large labour force was required to make mud bricks. The Jews had grown to number over 2 million by the 12th dynasty. They were housed in Kahun – a semetic workers village close to Lahun, Dashur and Hawara where the 12th dynasty mud brick pyramids can be found. Petri excavated Kahun in 1889 and found evidence that it was occupied from the early 12th dynasty to the 13th dynasty by foreign Semetic slaves. Scarabs with the names of pharaohs that were found in the town indicate that it was built during the time of Sesostris II and occupied up until the 13th dynasty. Amenemhet III, the son of Sesostris III is most likely the Pharaoh who ordered that the Hebrew children be killed at birth by the midwives. Sobeknefru, his daughter appears to have adopted Moses after finding him amongst the reeds of the Nile in a basket. Moses would have become the next Pharaoh (Amenemhet IV). Moses may have even co-reigned with Amenemhet III for 9 years before he had to flee to Midian after killing an Egptian. Sobekneferu became the Pharaoh when Amenemhet died. Sobeknefru reigned almost 4 yrs before she died and so ended the 12th dynasty. A number of pharaohs followed in quick succession until Neferhotep in the 13th dynasty. Neferhotep was the Pharaoh who Moses confronted when he returned to Egypt 40 yrs after fleeing to Midian. Moses then lead the Israelites (numbering around 2 million) out of Egypt, thru the Red Sea into Arabia where they received the Law at Mt Sinai (Jabel Laws).
Ron Wyatt was a nurse who decided to become an archaeologist. He made some very significant findings, none the least being the discovery of the true Mt Sinai in Arabia – Jabel Laws. He also found the two pillars left by Solomon to mark the site of the Red Sea crossing. He found Chariot wheels on the floor of the Gulf of Aqaba which were encased in coral. These findings are to his credit. Around the same time, the late 1970’s, early 1980’s he went looking for the remains of Noah’s ark on Mt Arrarat in Turkey. He found a boat shaped object whick was composed of fossilized wood and giant iron rivets. It had the right dementions to be Noah’s ark. Giant anchor stones were found near by. As with most of his discoveries, many of the artifacts he found like the pilar of Solomon on the Jordanian side and the anchor stones that he found at Ararat were removed by unknow parties. It is forbidden to go to Mount Sinai, so few have seen it. The Photos that Wyatt took were confiscated by the Jordanians and Wyatt was held in a Jordanian jail for some time for his efforts. I believe that these finds are significant and credible exactly as he reported them and I agree with his conclusions. It was around the same time that Wyatt also went looking for the Ark of the Covenant. He spent a year exploring caves around Golgotha extending under the temple mount. After exploring the caves for a year, he got into a cave which had two entrances, one of which had been bricked off. In the cavern he claims to have found the Ark of the Covenant. He also claims to have found a crucifixion site immediately above the cavern and connected to the cavern by an earth quake crack. He says the crucifixion site had been marked by a round stone with the same dimentions that the missing stone of the garden tomb would have had. He found red material which he thought could have been the blood of Christ. After announcing his discoveries, the excavation was shut down by Israeli authorities. He was not able to bring the ark out and has never been able to substantiate his claim. He is now dead. Remarkably, though, he is the only person who has been permitted by the Israeli govenment to explore the caves. His associates lead by Richard Reeves were allowed to reopen his excavations 20yrs later around 2001. The cavern where the Ark was found is now filled with rubble. It is gone. It looks like he fabricated everything. But did he? That is the question. Did the Israeli government remove the Ark after shutting down his excavation? Why is Wyatt’s team the only team that is allowed to drill and excavate at the garden tomb even now over 25 yrs since the site was closed? The Israeli government has recentlt let them go in there with bulldosers! Why is this? May be it is because he did find the Ark and he suffered humiliation because the Israeli government covered it up. There is another group of Jews who claimed to have the ark in their possession not long after Wyatt claimed he found it. They went through the caves under the temple mount and found the bricked off end of the cavern that Wyatt found and removed the ark. The red stuff that Wyatt found was very unlikley to be Christ’s blood according to Richard Reeves. Reeves also found red material at the site 20 yrs after Wyatt, but it was a mould! Wyatt seems to have drawm the wrong conclusion about this but he never fabricated any evidence. Because much of what he found has gone missing and he could not substantiate his claim to have found the Ark of the Covernant, he has been discreditted in the eyes of many people. He is still one of my heros and I do not believe that he fabricated anything. His discovery of Mt Sinai, the Red Sea crossing site and maybe Noah’s ark still stand. It is hard to believe that one man could achieve so many discoveries in such a short period of time but look at Imhotep and what he achieved!! I stand by Wyatt and hope that one day he will be vindicated. He was an honorable man and I believe he was a reliable source of information.–Drnhawkins